Today I am going to tackle a subject that all photo manipulation artists should pay attention to.
(Yes, this means you!) It is my hope that this article will save you the headache and trouble of getting a submission declined, having to delete your work, or worse; be sued by someone because of it.Why Properly Crediting Stock Is Important
All artists know that the secret to a great manip is finding stock that is just right for the theme you are trying to convey. On
there are literally thousands of fantastic high quality images that are absolutely free. Some of these images are even created by and featuring professional models and photographers. You could pay a lot of money for the rights to use the type of stock resources in your art that are found here free of charge. This is part of why
is unique and an amazing place for artists to frequent.
You'll find that a lot of art groups, including
you to have your stock resources properly credited before your submission can be accepted. Not all groups will give you a chance to correct any mistakes on crediting your sources. They'll simply decline it without comment. In most groups, you'll find that having a link to the stock provider's name and a direct link to the stock you used in the artists comment is non-negotiable. It's easier to simply do it right the first time.
Most deviantART stock providers (me included) require at the very least a "Credit and Link" clause in their rules. This means that you; the artist
must leave a link to both the stock provider's account and the direct link to the stock you used next to their name. It also means that you should leave a link to your finished artwork on the page where the stock is listed. Here is a tutorial called "How To Credit Your Stock Providers" for those who simply don't know how to properly credit stocks that you use in your art:In Example:
I used ^Elandria
's castle as a background in my recent manip found here: If you look at the artists comments in the manip, You see this:
I also went to original stock page and left her a comment like this:
"Heyas! I used your stock here: [link]
"Why is this important?
It lets the stock provider know where their stock is being used and how. Stock providers will usually give a fav for art that's created with their stocks, and sometimes do a feature with art from their stocks. By linking it back to them, you could be included in a feature later on.
Believe it or not, it gives your art more exposure. I often sift through the links left on a particular stock image to see how they've been used to avoid any theme or style duplications. Other artists do this too, which means more views for your art.
Some stock providers require you to follow a certain set of stock rules. If you fail to follow their rules, you could be facing being declined when you submit your art to a group, or have to delete your art completely.
By crediting your stock providers, you let other artists know where you found the stock and have an opportunity to use it or another stock from that artists gallery. This gives the stock provider more exposure which is a nice "thank you" since they allowed you to use their stock for free.
I've noticed that
's search engines crawl by names in the artists comments as well as keywords. If I forget to search in the "Resources and Stocks" section and wind up tying in ^Elandria
in the main search page for
I come up with a lot of art that has her stock in it. This means it could be your art that's being seen. This can also result in more views and favs for your art.
It may seem tedious to credit every single stock resource that you've used. Even though it may be, it's still incredibly important. One tip I can give you that I do myself is to open up a word file for the particular manip that I'm creating and give it the same name as the manip I'm working on. I begin coding the artist's comments right into the word file so I can copy and paste it later. I save the links (or thumbs) as I download them to each stock so I don't lose track of which stocks I use or leave anything out. Just because a pair of candle holders may seem like a minor detail in the grand scope of your manip, it isn't a minor detail to the stock provider who let you use it for free. They may have gone out and specifically purchased those candle holders for stock photos. (I'm a nerd. I've done this.)
The free stock
that you use can be an expensive adventure for the stock provider. I purchased a medieval dress for my sister to model in (which will be a forthcoming series this summer) for stock. This dress cost $205 USD. (Here is a link to the dress: [link]
If the stock gets ripped off, I'm going to probably blow a fuse. That dress cost a little less than half a month's rent for us. I'm not exactly rolling in the big bucks, so that was a pretty big purchase for us to use as stock.
It's the same for a lot of
stock providers. Stock isn't cheap, and we use our personal funds to supply you with great stock. Costumes are not the only high dollar items we require for stock shoots. There are also backdrops, props, lighting tools, and equipment such as digital cameras that can cost a lot of money. I have my eye (and a kidney for trade j/k) on one of the new Nikon D800 cameras. I want it badly, and for stock purposes. This camera runs on average about $3,000 USD. These are some of the reasons that stock providers get incredibly creative at inventing ways to save money and still get the shot.
Stock providers also go through great lengths to get the perfect stock photo for you to use. Sometimes this results in injury or a chat with the police on why exactly you're dressed like an elf and rolling around in the park grass. The same holds true to premade background stock. Some stock artists spend hours
creating a background for you to use. (While on that subject, it's also against
policy to use stock from outside websites such as sxc.hu and others to create premade backgrounds. It violates the stock redistribution terms. There are safe places for those who want to create premade backgrounds from unrestricted stock such as our affiliate group #Stock-For-Premades
I recently held a poll for stock providers over at #The-Stock-Directory
to see exactly what kind of injuries or immediate dangers stock providers have been in to get the shot. I'd like to share with you some of the responses so you can see exactly what the people taking stock go through for you. You can view the entire poll here: [link] Here are some comments from stock providers on their injuries or dangerous situations: "i got severely bruised on the Attuann shoot, and the Apocallyptica one a little too much jumping off sanddunes and acting like a prat. In my recent Star Wars one (which hasnt been uploaded yet) I accidently whacked my mate Mike in the face with a lightsaber so far no serious injuries.. *touch wood* i need to do a shoot with a compound bow soon... so uh... it'll be fiiiine im sure."
"I've fallen out of a few trees, been bitten by bugs, was bitten by a fish once but that wasn't stock... Sprained ankles, winded myself, jarred my knee, just fallen over, stacked it jumping, fallen off a chair, cut myself climbing a rocky outcrop... The list goes on... I am just clumsy and a tad accident prone I think."
"I tried to get a couple of good shots of some deer from a heard in my front yard, needless to say the buck of the herd chased me all the way into my house."
"the undertow pulled me under. drowned mermaid wouldnt have been so cool."
"I fell out of a tree and "heeled"(my heel went under) my crotch (hurt like hell) shooting this: [link] Because I was in the tree and had to lean over the branch I was on and use both hands to film. I took the picture and then I suddenly fell sideways and turned just enough that I landed on my legs but sadly I was crouched and as said before, heeled my crotch. XD Also when I shot this [link] a bee came and I swatted it mistaking it for a fly and then it chased me and I ran into a bush with a stray cat in and I got scratched by a stray (I'm fine, no diseases) and stung by a bee."
"I've had people mistake me for a thief and call the police, but no actual bodily harm issues. There have been a few issues with horses getting angry at me being in their field. Although frankly the worst one was a when I approached a horse and it got a giant erection and started slapping it against his stomach. I'm not sure why I seemed to have that effect on it, but I really didn't want to hang around his field to find out X-)"
"I've almost been ran over by multiple horses shooting stock."
"Just pulled muscles and that kind of thing. Stubbed toes, etc. Nothing serious (yet) xD"
Yep, nearly wrecked my camera getting bowled over by a wave shooting this [link]
"Not sure if this counts as being in danger but my camera got really wet while I shot some wave stock photos and there was a huge one coming^^, and the factory were I took my recent stocks is about to collapse and there were some rooms that looked really dangerous. Moreover when I wanted to leave I heard about 5 people coming to the entrance and it is not allowed to go there so I was really scared But I think it was worth it!"
"Well.. I've suffered bug bites, got tangled in a trot line, twisted my ankle, and almost got hit by a car. I came really close to stepping on a copperhead snake once. I should have gotten a photo of the little bugger, but I was too chicken. The worst though when I was out taking lightning photos, particular this one: [link] I got zapped by the ricochet of a nearby lightning strike. That was not fun. I've been trying to get some of tornadoes and well, there ya go. It was sister funnel clouds during a tornado warning. I'm one of those people that run outside when the tornado sirens go off rather than hide in the bathroom with the cats. (I've done that too when it got too bad. The cats were pissed.) I also snapped a few from the storm that produced the F5 Tornado that destroyed Joplin, Missouri. I live in Springfield, Missouri which is an hour east of Joplin. Seriously don't do the tornado thing unless you're with a tour group and trained spotters or have some kind of training in meteorology. It can be dangerous."
There are other issues regarding stock in a photo manipulation that need to be addressed as well. Celebrity images, and images found on Google cannot be used as stock.
This can result in lawsuits where you can be sued for infringing on copyrighted material. If you do use a photo that is not stock you absolutely must
have the written permission of the original author to use the image in your photo manipulation. This includes all off-site resources.
The use of celebrity and copyrighted images in a photo manipulation is also against
policy and can result in the removal of your work and the banning of your account. The majority of art groups including #Manips-Central
will decline submissions that include celebrity or copyrighted content.FAQ #157: Can I use things created by other people in my submissions?FAQ #193: How do I prove that I had permission to use someone's work?FAQ #257: What sort of permission do I need to use someone else's work? FAQ #217: What are "Stock and Resources" and can I use them in my submissions?FAQ #809: What are deviantART's stock image guidelines?
Also please note that language barriers are not an excuse for not crediting a stock provider or following their rules. Google has a nifty little translating tool that will detect a language and translate it for you. You can visit Google Translate here: [link]
I hope that this article has cleared up any questions that you may have regarding how and why you should credit your stock providers and select stock from valid sources. If you have any other questions feel free to send me a note and I will do my best to answer them. Hopefully this will help you avoid having a submission declined, deleted, or worse.
P.S. This article was also shared with #The-Stock-Directory